Lesson 2

English Notes
BSL Video


The first column of this programme for Lesson 2 shows the topic of "Deaf People in the 19th Century". This means the 1800s. The next column indicates the linguistics content for the session. One very important feature will be time lines, as the topic relates to the 19th Century, which is in the past. Discussing the past will often need particular movement of the eyes, facial expressions and non-manual features, such as glancing over the shoulder to the past, involving eye, head and shoulder movement. Also necessary is the location of particular periods of time in order to make comparisons between then and now, where the 19th century is located on the left and current time on the right. Each period can then be described from its location in time by looking and signing in that direction.

It is important to remember to observe the sign vocabulary used by students in relation to this topic. The signs commonly used for the 18th or 19th Century would use the number followed by 'C' moved in a vertical circle. Although there are regional sign variations, this is a uniformly standard sign and you would never see any Deaf people around the country using the signs of a two finger or whole hand 'C' moved around the index finger of the other hand. If wrong signs are seen to be produced by the students they should be given the correct sign. Although Deaf people use the term 19th Century, are they really clear about when the 19th Century was? This needs to be clarified by giving the period of time, such as 1850 or 1800s. Clarification of this kind relates in some ways to Cultural Content in the next column.

Make sure that the students are using accurate signs, appropriate time lines, and indicate past and present using non-manual features and vocabulary as required. The information they are giving, such as THERE WAS, IN THE PAST, or I REMEMBER should be referenced to a time gone by placed over the shoulder. This is achieved by movement of the shoulders and head in that direction.

The next column on the programme provides the Cultural Content of this session and should include stories of what happened to Deaf people in history. There are lots of stories about Deaf people’s lives on the website if you would like to see them. Just click on Cultural Content and there are many examples of what life was like in the past.

The last column shows expected learning outcomes. In a group discussion the students should be able to discuss past events appropriately, Students may also like to undertake some individual research and further reading into the lives of Deaf people in the past. In this way they should be able to converse easily and accurately, using appropriate facial expressions, non-manual features and time lines. 


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